Lesson summary: The Spanish empire
|Treaty of Tordesillas||In 1494, Spain and Portugal moved the line of demarcation several degrees west, establishing Portugal’s claim to Brazil.|
|Encomienda system||A labor system in which the Spanish crown authorized Spaniards, known as encomenderos, to enslave native people to farm and mine in the Americas.|
|Caste system||A social system in which class status is determined at birth. The Spanish had mixed-race children in the Americas with enslaved Africans and Native Americans. Status was determined by how “Spanish” one was, so those with little to no Spanish blood were in the lowest class.|
|Bartolome de las Casas||A Spanish priest who criticized Spain’s treatment of Native Americans in its colonies.|
|Pueblo Revolt (1680)||A successful rebellion by Pueblo Native Americans to reclaim Pueblo religious practices, culture, and land that had been stripped away by Spanish colonizers.|
The Spanish colonial caste system
Core historical themes
- What were the three main motivating factors for Spanish to begin colonizing?
- What were the implications of the Spanish integrating both Native Americans and enslaved Africans into colonial society?
- How did Native Americans and the Spanish adapt aspects of the other’s culture?